The Arabic philosophical fable Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a classic of medieval Islamic philosophy. Ibn Tufayl (d. ), the Andalusian philosopher, tells of a child. : Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (): Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Tufail, Lenn Evan Goodman: Books. Although Ibn Tufayl’s philosophical tale Hayy ibn Yaqzan is one of the most famous medieval Arabic stories to reach the West, precious little is known about the.

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But in order to move the universe infinitely, there must be infinite power, and inb this mover that set everything into motion cannot be finite, and therefore must not have a body.

Hayy was continuing therefore in a proud Tradition of self-made men. And this capacity he called Reason, and he began to ponder what becomes of the Reason after it leaves the body. None of this could be different. How are bin to know God?

The Arab Muslims treated what they found with considerable respect, referring to them as imams. But to continue it as he did, is a tribute to his predecessor Ibn Bajja. The ultimate goal then of a human is to escape the prison of the body.

In his search for causes, Hayy postulated that there must be some Cause of all causes. The two models of the cave are explicit in their differences. Hence Hayy learns to love God and to have a passion for him. All these members were fitted to do their function, but none of them could function without the soul that was animating it. Thus, rather than offering a description of his own experience of ecstasy, Ibn Tufayl will present a fictional account, the tale of how one man achieved ecstasy using nothing but his faculties.


Here the narrator inserts. At age 21, Hayy moved beyond this hands-on approach to the natural sciences and began to consider in his mind all entities that generate and decay in the world plants, animals, minerals, water, steam, ice, snow, fire, smoke. World Literature and Its Times: He mutilates his dog, his horse, and his slave.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan: A Philosophical Tale, Tufayl, Goodman

As they grow to know each other and to communicate, what Ibn Tufayl is showing us is that Truth is, by its nature, the same everywhere. Neoplatonist, Illuminationist, marifa, Orinetalist The Novel: He further taught himself to hunt and ride horses and to overcome greater problems and challenges of beasts that were faster than him or stronger than him.

The great awakening is the moment when a solitary individual stumbles out of the hidden darkness of the cave and away from the cave-thoughts into the sunlight.

When the baby grew hungry, his cries alerted a gazelle that nursed him from her udder. What made him [Hayy] think so iibn his naive belief that all men had outstanding character, brilliant minds and resolute spirits. He shows up in this city and starts trying to smash the Status Quo.

But the moment he rose the slightest bit jbn the literal or began to portray things against which they were prejudiced, they recoiled in horror from his ideas and closed their minds… the more he taught, the more repugnance they felt, despite the fact that these were men who loved the good and sincerely yearned for the Truth. Leiden, University of Leiden.

Nothing New Under the Sun

Absal encourages Hayy to teach his spiritual methods to Absal’s curious friends and Hayy is enthusiastic. He grieved and put his mind about solving the matter, that he could come up with some way of protecting himself and covering himself. He also engaged in farming, keeping livestock, and so moved from the hunter-gatherer stage, and tamed horses so he could ride them. If you tufaul to be fit for heaven, you must live the Orthodox life.


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Conclusion Through spiritual exercises, Hayy, now weary of the physical world, was obn to enter the sublime state and stay as long as he wished, with little regard for the needs of the body.

Ibn Tufayl ihn upon the equivalence of philosophy and religion. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The child learned to walk when he was two and, living among the deer, he imitated their habits and mimicked their calls.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. I also considered my activities, of which the best was my teaching and lecturing, and realised that in them I was dealing in sciences that were unimportant and contributed nothing to the attainment of eternal life. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. In the remaining seven-year stages through age 49Hayy seeks to know God through spiritual exercises that lead to his having the sublime experience of obliterating the distinctions between himself and the object of his contemplation.

There survives an anonymous medieval Hebrew translation, a Hebrew commentary by the fourteenth-century Jewish philosopher Moses of Narbonne, and a fifteenth-century Latin translation from the Hebrew by Giovanni Francesco Pico della Mirandola.