Amflora potatoes, likely to become the first genetically modified crop in the last decade to be approved for growth in Europe, have become the. “Amflora” (EH) is the name used for a potato grade developed by the company BASF Plant Science, whose starch production has been genetically. The European Commission has given the green light to BASF for the commercial application of its genetically modified Amflora potato. By allowing the cultivation.
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Synthetic biology Cloning Stem cell research. On July 16th the Council Agricultural Ministers had to vote on the proposal and, again, could not agree with the qualified majority.
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Ice-minus bacteria Hepatitis B vaccine Oncolytic virus. The New York Times.
Finally, the medical community is concerned about increasing antibiotic resistance, and in the EU adopted a law which called for withdrawal to genes that are resistant to antibiotics, which can threaten human health and the environment.
The reasons given were the lack of acceptance in politics as well as in the general population and fear of new attacks on open field trials by opponents of genetic ammflora. Genetically Modified Foods I. The biggest German field trial with Amflora, covering a highly secured area of 20 hectares, took place in Mecklenburg-Hither Pomerania in For industrial processing this has the advantage that the starch fractions don’t need to be separated in the production process. Starch is not only used in the foods industry but is also a component of numerous products in the so-called non-food-sector.
The genetically modified Amflora potato – Think Tank
Neomycin is used in some countries in human and veternary medicine, while kanamycin is listed by the WHO as a reserved antibiotic against multiple resistant strains of tuberculosis.
Prior to its admission, the GM amylopectin-potato has been examined in the laboratory and in outdoor tests with regards to yield, resistance to vermin and diseases as well as hazards for humans, animals and the environment.
This GM potato is not intended or authorised as food, but for the production of starch for industrial applications. Archived from the original PDF on By allowing the cultivation of the genetically modified potato, the European Union now approved the planting of a biotechnology crop for the first time in more than a decade. Gene therapy Genetic enhancement. The potato, derived from the variety “Prvalent” has been modified by ‘antisense inhibition’ of a gene that otherwise codes for the starch synthase.
Decreased amylose production, increased kanamycin resistance. Due to lack of acceptance of GM crops in Europe, BASF Plant Science decided in January to stop its commercialization activities in Europe and would no longer sell Amflora there, but it would continue seeking regulatory approval for its products in the Americas and Asia. This is necessary in order to separate the successfully genetically modified seedlings from specimens which do not bear the desired modification. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amflora.
Waxy potato varieties produce two main kinds of potato starch, amylose and amylopectinthe latter of which is most industrially useful. Its by-products, however, may be used as feed. The BASF potato supresses by means of antisense inhibition of a single gene, coding for a granule-bound starch synthase gbss.
Meanwhile, critics point to the dangers which, according to their view, are connected with the cultivation of the genetically modified potato grade. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Various environmental organizationssuch as Greenpeacedisagreed with the introduction of the Amflora genetically modified potato into the market.
Amflora also contains an antibiotic resistance marker that was introduced to initially distinguish modified cells from non-modified, and that is of no use in the actual, commericial plant, but it is nevertheless present and actively producing the nptII protein that confers resistance to kanamycin, neomycin, gentamycin, gentemycin, paramomycin and framycetin.
Technical and scientific aspects II.
Archived copy as title All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from February Commons category link is on Wikidata. Even so – and for the first time – a minority of the scientist on the panel came to differing conclusion then the rest of the panels.
BASF developed Amflora in a laboratory as an alternative thickening agent for paper, adhesives and textiles and first sought approval for cultivation in Europe in Nevertheless, in a second assessment the GMO panel together with the Biohazard panel came to the conclusion that they still saw no reasons for concern. The critics fear an unforeseeable transmission of this gene to soil bacteria and eventually an unintended resistance against antibiotics in humans.
The GMO Panel had given a positive opinion on Amflora despite its antibiotic resistance because of the the “low usage” level of the antibiotics in question. Amflorz decisions are not about science but about politics”.
European Parliament Think Tank. European Commission, 14 November Comments in consultation on the approval for food and feed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The only known additional protein produced by the GM potato is from the neomycin phosphotransferase gene nptIIcoding for amfoora protein giving the plant resistance to the antibiotic kanamycin. Newer varieties of starch-potatoes without an antibiotic resistance gene were tested as well.
In its verdict, the General Court complained that the EU Commission failed to submit the latest EFSA statement to the responsible committees before authorising the cultivation of Amflora. It also contains an antibiotic resistance gene as marker. Retrieved from ” https: Search on “Think Tank”.
Amflora – Wikipedia
Amflora could not be sold within the European Union without approval, and its licence could only be issued after voting pottato the Council of Ministers of maflora European Union with a 74 percent threshold of support. In Europe, approximately half of the processed starch stems from potatoes. Conventional potatoes contain two different grades of starch, amylopectin and amylose; the GM potato grade Amflora, however, develops only the amylopectin starch. The annulment of the authorisation for Amflora through amrlora General Court of the EU has no practical relevance in view of the fact that Amflora is no longer cultivated in the EU since Sign up for email updates Facebook Twitter Parliament on Facebook.
List of potato cultivars. Granule bound starch synthaseneomycin phosphotransferase II.