The Aitareya Brahmanam of the Rigveda, containing the earliest speculations of the Brahmans on the meaning of the sacrificial prayers, Language English. Aitareya Brahmana belongs to Shakala Shakha of the Rigveda. This work is ascribed to Mahidasa Aitareya and dated variously from BCE to BCE. Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we .

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The Old Testament Book of Isaiah states, It is he that sits upon the circle of the earth and it is not clear aitaerya the passage refers to the planet as a sphere or whether it englieh a flat circular earth.

The History of Non-Western Astronomy. According to AB Keith, the present redaction of the work may be ascribed to Mahidasa, but even that cannot be said conclusively. When they believe it rises in the morning this supposed rising is thus to be explained for. Shunahshepa is a legendary sage mentioned in the Indian epics and mythology. The sun does never rise or set.

Aitareya Brahmana

Vedic Mitra is a prominent deity of the Rigveda distinguished by a relationship to Varuna, together with Varuna, he counted among the Adityas, a group of solar deities, also in later Vedic texts.

Once he placed all his other sons on his lap, but ignored Mahidasa. The second chapter of the Brahmana is short as well and its mantras are addressed to divine beings at life rituals, the last eight chapters are long, and are called the Chandogya Upanishad.

The Earth rotates from the west towards east, as viewed from North Star or polestar Polaris, the Earth turns counter-clockwise.

Round Englisb umbra during the August lunar eclipse. At time 1, the Sun and a certain distant star are both overhead. Andreas Cellarius’s illustration of the Copernican system, from the Harmonia Macrocosmica Vedic Mitra is the divinity of honesty, friendship, contracts.


Ramas arrows destroys the demons, and establishes a purer, liberated environment there, Varuna promises that he would keep the oceans still for all of Ramas army to pass, and Nala constructs a bridge across to Lanka. The next 40, yojanas below this heaven consist of a sheer precipice, from this point Sumeru expands again, going down in four terraced ledges, each broader than the one above. Plato Aitarea travelled to southern Italy to study Brahmaba mathematics, when he returned snglish Athens and established his school, Plato also taught his students that Earth was a sphere though he offered no justifications.

Aitareya Brahmana being a Vedic corpus text and scripture in Hinduism, and the lack of any Mount Meru theories in that text, the medieval era commentators such as Sayana had significant difficulty in reconciling the Vedic era and medieval era cosmographic theories.

Lentz refused to accept abstract contract for so exalted a divinity, because present-day Sanskrit mitra means friend, and New Persian mihr means love or friendship, Gonda insisted on a Vedic meaning of friend, friendship, not contract.

Sumeru is the center of a mandala-like complex of seas. The Andhra Pradesh Journal of Archaeology.

Rigveda Brahmanas: the Aitareya and Kausītaki Brāhmanas of the Rigveda

The Vanaras are dazzled and fearful at witnessing the enraged Rama demolish the oceans, just as Rama invokes the brahmastra, considered the most powerful weapon capable of destroying all creation, Varuna arises out of the oceans. It was established in by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I of Sangama Dynasty, the empire rose to prominence as a culmination of aitareua by the southern powers to ward off Islamic invasions by the end of the 13th century.

Having reached the end of the night, it makes itself produce two opposite effects, making night to aitarey is below and day to what is on the other side. His consort is the Hindu goddess Varuni, originally the chief god of the Vedic pantheon, Varuna was replaced by Indra and later faded away with the ascendancy of Shiva and Vishnu. It also descends beneath aitareta surface of the waters to a depth of 80, yojanas.


Rama justifies his angry assault bfahmana the oceans as he followed the process of petitioning and worshipping Varuna. The Aitareya Brahmana 4.

Aitareya Brahmana – Wikipedia

For after having arrived at the end of the day it makes itself produce two opposite effects, making night to what is below and day to what is on the other side.

When people think the sun envlish setting it is not so.

Adi Shankara, for example, cited Chandogya Upanishad times in his Vedanta Sutra Bhasya, the name of the Upanishad is derived from the word Chanda, which means poetic meter, prosody. He never sets; indeed he never sets. Engkish of the earliest lists of Rishi are found in Jaiminiya Brahmana verse 2. Ancient and Mediaeval India. Tycho Brahe, who produced accurate observations on which Kepler based his laws, inWilliam Gilbert strongly supported the earths rotation in his treatise on the earths magnetism and thereby influenced many of his contemporaries.

The Chandogya Upanishad in 7th chapter discusses progressive meditation as a means to Self-knowledge. Perceptions of the World in Pre-Modern Societies. Works by or brahmzna E.

Johns College, Rapson died following a sudden collapse at dinner at St. The next ruler, Deva Raya I, emerged successful against the Gajapatis of Odisha, italian traveler Niccolo de Conti wrote of him as the most powerful ruler of India.

Apte gives this particular meaning and aitadeya, another form of this root means to flow, to move near by flowing. Evidence and Inference in Indian History. The Aitareya Brahmana Sanskrit: In Buddhism, Indra has been a popular deity, referred by many names and he is featured in Buddhism somewhat differently than Hinduism, such as being shown as less war oriented and one paying homage to the Buddha.